Enduring Understandings: The learning activities outlined above are intended to support students’ acquisition of several enduring understandings. Enduring understandings “go beyond discrete facts or skills to focus on larger concepts, principles, or processes. As such, they are applicable to new situations within or beyond the subject” (Wiggins & McTighe, 2005, p. 10). Four enduring understandings serve as the foundation for the instructional design of HNRS 209:
“Research is a systematic and rigorous inquiry that enables people to understand problematic events or phenomena” (Stringer, 2007, p.4).
“Action research is a participatory process that involves all those who have a stake in the issue engaging is systematic inquiry into the issue to be investigated (p. 6).
“Action research . . . . is based on the proposition that generalized solutions may not fit particular contexts or groups of people and that the purpose of inquiry is to find an appropriate solution for the particular dynamics at work in a local situation” (p. 5).
Leadership is “a relational and ethical process of people together attempting to accomplish positive change” (Komives, Lucas, & McMahon, 2007, p. 13).
A chart is attached that outlines the Alaska Native Teaching and Learning Methods and Values incorporated into the course and the corresponding classroom activities.